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Repeats Story Initially Transmitted at 07:36 GMT Nov 1/03:36 EST Nov 1
     TOKYO (MNI) - The Bank of Japan's new cost-push indicator -- aimed at
gauging the pressure from costs that have not been passed on to prices -- showed
upward pressure on consumer prices is increasing, the BOJ said Wednesday.
     The BOJ estimated that the latest cost-push indicator stood at around 0.2%
in the third quarter, which means Japanese consumer prices are expected to rise
by 0.5 percentage point in about six months.
     This means the core-core CPI (excluding fresh food and energy), which rose
0.2% on year in September, is expected to rise to 0.7% in six months, the BOJ
     The BOJ hasn't decided on how it should update the new indicator or release
its estimates.
     "The indicator will be zero percent if firms set sales prices at the level
that is in line with input costs based on the historically standard relationship
between them, while it will be a positive figure if costs are not fully passed
on to prices," the BOJ explained in its a special section of its Outlook Report.
     All the components of the cost-push indicator have been rising since the
turn of the year, with the exception for clothing.
     The cost-push index covers only about 200 items out of the core-core CPI
basket, which consists of around 520 items, the BOJ said.
     "But the two indicators are highly correlated; the cost-push indicator
leads the CPI by around two to three quarters," it said.
     "This approach complements the idea of the Phillips curve, which shows the
relationship between the output gap and the CPI."
     As the cost-push indicator rises amid a steady improvement in the output
gap, firms' are likely to gradually shift toward raising prices, the BOJ argued.
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