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Release for April 2018
Source: Center for European Economic Research, ZEW
                                                          m/m
         Improved    Unchanged    Worse    Balance    net chg
-------------------------------------------------------------
Apr18        19.2         63.5     17.3        1.9      -11.5
Mar18        24.0         65.4     10.6       13.4      -15.9
Feb18        31.7         65.9      2.4       29.3       -2.5
Jan18        36.5         58.8      4.7       31.8        2.8
Dec17        34.8         59.4      5.8       29.0       -1.9
Nov17        36.0         58.9      5.1       30.9        4.2
Oct17        33.7         59.3      7.0       26.7       -5.0
Sep17        36.7         58.3      5.0       31.7        2.4
Aug17        35.9         57.5      6.6       29.3       -6.3
Jul17        40.7         54.2      5.1       35.6       -2.1
Jun17        41.0         55.7      3.3       37.7        2.6
May17        39.7         55.7      4.6       35.1        8.8
Apr17        31.3         63.7      5.0       26.3        0.7
Mar17        33.4         58.8      7.8       25.6        8.5
Feb17        27.9         61.3     10.8       17.1       -6.1
Jan17        30.8         61.6      7.6       23.2        5.1
Dec16        29.9         58.3     11.8       18.1        2.3
Nov16        29.0         57.8     13.2       15.8        3.5
Oct16        23.7         64.9     11.4       12.3        6.9
Sep16        17.7         70.0     12.3        5.4        0.8
Aug16        18.8         67.0     14.2        4.6       19.3
Jul16        14.3         56.7     29.0      -14.7      -34.9
Jun16        28.3         63.6      8.1       20.2        3.4
May16        26.9         63.0     10.1       16.8       -4.7
Apr16        30.4         60.7      8.9       21.5       10.9
Mar16        24.6         61.4     14.0       10.6       -3.0
Feb16        27.6         58.4     14.0       13.6       -9.1
Jan16        32.9         56.9     10.2       22.7      -11.2
Dec15        40.8         52.3      6.9       33.9        5.6
Nov15        38.7         50.9     10.4       28.3       -1.8
Oct15        39.0         52.1      8.9       30.1       -3.2
Sep15        43.5         46.3     10.2       33.3      -14.3
Aug15        52.1         43.4      4.5       47.6        4.9
Jul15        51.3         40.1      8.6       42.7      -11.0
Jun15        57.7         38.3      4.0       53.7       -7.5
May15        65.2         30.8      4.0       61.2       -3.6
Apr15        67.7         29.4      2.9       64.8        2.4
Mar15        65.6         31.2      3.2       62.4        9.7
Feb15        58.5         35.7      5.8       52.7        7.5
Jan15        55.0         45.2      4.8       45.2       13.4
Dec14        39.7         52.4      7.9       31.8       20.8
Nov14        26.7         57.6     15.7       11.0        6.9
Oct14        24.9         54.3     20.8        4.1      -10.1
Sep14        30.9         52.4     16.7       14.2       -9.5
Aug14        34.7         54.3     11.0       23.7      -24.4
Jul14        53.6         40.9      5.5       48.1      -10.3
Jun14        61.9         34.6      3.5       58.4        3.2
May14        59.7         35.8      4.5       55.2       -6.0
Apr14        64.2         32.8      3.0       61.2       -0.3
Mar14        65.3         30.9      3.8       61.5       -7.0
Feb14        72.1         24.3      3.6       68.5       -4.8
Jan14        75.3         22.7      2.0       73.3        5.0
Dec13        71.1         26.1      2.8       68.3        8.1
Nov13        63.6         33.0      3.4       60.2        1.1
Oct13        63.8         31.5      4.7       59.1        0.5
Sep13        63.3         32.0      4.7       58.6       14.6
Aug13        50.4         43.2      6.4       44.0       11.2
Jul13        42.3         48.2      9.5       32.8        2.2
Jun13        39.7         51.2      9.1       30.6        3.0
May13        38.0         51.6     10.4       27.6        2.7
Apr13        38.9         47.1     14.0       24.9       -8.5
Mar13        44.6         44.2     11.2       33.4       -9.0
Feb13        52.8         36.8     10.4       42.4       11.2
Jan13        41.9         47.4     10.7       31.2       23.6
Dec12        28.6         50.4     21.0        7.6       10.2
Nov12        23.8         49.8     26.4       -2.6       -1.2
Oct12        24.3         50.0     25.7       -1.4        2.4
Sep12        20.7         54.8     24.5       -3.8       17.4
Aug12        15.2         48.4     36.4      -21.2        1.1
Jul12        14.4         48.9     36.7      -22.3       -2.2
Jun12        14.7         50.5     34.8      -20.1      -17.7
May12        22.2         53.2     24.6       -2.4      -15.5
Apr12        28.9         55.3     15.8       13.1        2.1
Mar12        31.1         48.8     20.1       11.0       19.1
Feb12        23.9         44.1     32.0       -8.1       24.4
Jan12        15.6         36.3     48.1      -32.5       21.6
Dec11         7.4         31.1     61.5      -54.1        5.0
Nov11         4.7         31.5     63.8      -59.1       -7.9
Oct11         7.5         33.8     58.7      -51.2       -6.6
Sep11        10.1         35.2     54.7      -44.6       -4.6
Aug11         8.2         43.6     48.2      -40.0      -33.0
Jul11        16.7         59.6     23.7       -7.0       -1.1
Jun11        19.3         55.5     25.2       -5.9      -19.5
May11        24.9         63.8     11.3       13.6       -6.1
Apr11        31.2         57.3     11.5       19.7      -11.3
Mar11        39.2         52.6      8.2       31.0        1.5
Feb11        35.9         57.7      6.4       29.5        4.1
Jan11        35.1         55.2      9.7       25.4        9.9
Dec10        28.0         59.5     12.5       15.5        1.7
Nov10        28.2         57.4     14.4       13.8       12.0
Oct10        23.4         55.0     21.6        1.8       -2.6
Sep10        24.7         55.0     20.3        4.4      -11.4
Aug10        32.8         50.2     17.0       15.8        5.1
Jul10        28.5         53.7     17.8       10.7       -8.1
Jun10        35.4         48.0     16.6       18.8      -18.8
May10        48.7         40.2     11.1       37.6       -8.4
Apr10        53.2         39.6      7.2       46.0        8.1
Mar10        48.4         41.1     10.5       37.9       -2.3
Feb10        49.9         40.4      9.7       40.2       -6.2
Jan10        56.6         33.2     10.2       46.4       -1.6
Dec09        57.8         32.4      9.8       48.0       -3.8
Nov09        59.5         32.8      7.7       51.8       -5.1
Oct09        66.3         24.3      9.4       56.9       -2.7
Sep09        67.8         24.0      8.2       59.6        4.7
Aug09        62.6         29.7      7.7       54.9       15.4
Jul09        50.9         37.7     11.4       39.5       -3.2
Jun09        51.3         40.1      8.6       42.7       14.2
May09        43.2         42.1     14.7       28.5       16.7
Apr09        32.1         47.6     20.3       11.8       18.3
Mar09        24.5         44.5     31.0       -6.5        2.2
Feb09        23.9         43.5     32.6       -8.7       22.1
Jan09        15.7         37.8     46.5      -30.8       15.3
Dec08         8.6         36.7     54.7      -46.1        7.9
Nov08         7.8         30.4     61.8      -54.0        8.7
Oct08         7.1         23.1     69.8      -62.7      -21.8
Sep08         8.1         42.9     49.0      -40.9       14.8
Aug08         6.1         32.1     61.8      -55.7        8.0
Jul08         4.5         27.3     68.2      -63.7      -11.0
Jun08         5.3         36.7     58.0      -52.7       -9.1
May08         8.1         40.2     51.7      -43.6        1.2
Apr08         5.9         43.4     50.7      -44.8       -9.8
Mar08        10.0         45.0     45.0      -35.0        6.4
Feb08         5.4         47.8     46.8      -41.4        0.3
Jan08         3.7         50.9     45.4      -41.7       -6.0
Dec07         6.9         50.5     42.6      -35.7       -5.7
Nov07         5.2         59.6     35.2      -30.0      -11.0
Oct07         8.3         64.4     27.3      -19.0        1.3
Sep07         7.0         65.7     27.3      -20.3      -14.2
Aug07        11.1         71.7     17.2       -6.1      -13.3
Jul07        15.4         76.4      8.2        7.2      -11.8
Jun07        22.4         74.2      3.4       19.0       -3.3
May07        27.6         67.1      5.3       22.3       11.6
Apr07        20.4         69.9      9.7       10.7        5.6
Mar07        17.0         71.1     11.9        5.1       -1.7
Feb07        18.1         70.6     11.3        6.8        8.6
Jan07        17.5         63.2     19.3       -1.8        1.2
Dec06        16.0         65.0     19.0       -3.0        8.0
Nov06        13.8         61.4     24.8      -11.0        1.5
Oct06        14.7         58.1     27.2      -12.5       -2.3
Sep06        15.9         58.0     26.1      -10.2      -11.5
Aug06        19.2         62.9     17.9        1.3      -16.8
Jul06        30.8         56.5     12.7       18.1      -19.2
Jun06        44.3         48.7      7.0       37.3      -10.4
May06        51.5         44.7      3.8       47.7      -11.0
Apr06        61.9         34.9      3.2       58.7       -2.4
Mar06        64.0         33.1      2.9       61.1       -4.9
-------------------------------------------------------------
[TOPICS: MTABLE,MAGDT$,M$E$$$,M$G$$$,M$X$$$]

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