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By Wanxia Lin
BEIJING (MNI) - Although analysts see China's February consumer prices
backing off from the 8-year high seen in January, any slowdown could be limited
as food prices remain elevated with the agricultural sector struggling over
transportation issues as restrictions remain in place to slow the spread of
The cost of food items are seen rising, although perhaps at a slower pace
than in recent months, with pork and vegetable prices leading the way higher,
according to people interviewed for the MNI Reality Check.
Pork prices, the main inflation driver in the past year, surged early in
February before declining back to about CNY48 per kilo by the end of the month
after Beijing released 70,000 tons of frozen meat from the national reserves.
By month-end, retail prices in large-scale supermarkets nationwide
monitored by Baichuan Information, a commodities consultancy based in the
capital, rose more than 3% from January, or 172% on a year earlier, said Li
Bing, a Baichuan analyst. This left the m/m gain below the 8.5% rise seen in
January, although y/y gains have outstripped the 116% y/y rise reported by the
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
Other foods are also seeing price rises as logistical problems weigh. With
many roads blocked or closed due to virus-slowing measures, some crops are being
left to rot in the fields and prices are rising in some cities.
Hu Jian, who grows and sells Chinese cabbage in Zhangjiakou city in Hebei
province told MNI the wholesale price could be as low as CNY0.6 per kilo,
although media report some supermarkets selling cabbage at CNY60-70 a head.
Increased transportation costs due to quarantine measure, along with higher
processing costs were all pushing prices higher. Cabbages need to be trimmed,
cooled and packed in plastic sachets and labour costs are rising and even then
"it is hard to find workers even raising the salary," said Hu.
"The wholesale prices of food needed for everyday such as cabbages and
potatoes are relatively stable, increasing slightly from January," said Shen
Bin, founder and CEO of CNHNB.com, a B2B website helping to match farmers with
buyers covering more than 2,800 counties nationwide.
Cabbage prices peaked at about CNY0.8 per kilo, a rise of 8% from the
previous month, he said.
Fruit prices, less of a staple than cabbage "were more turbulent with
demand falling," said Shen, adding that the price of strawberries declined over
17% on a monthly basis.
E-commerce platforms have played a role in smoothing prices alongside
government's efforts. Oranges originated from Xinning county in Hunan province,
whose busy season generally lasts into April, dropped to CNY2 per kilo in early
The website launched online videos promoting unsold oranges to buyers
unable to travel due to restrictions. "This helped to sell more than 100 tons in
two days, stabilizing the wholesale price at about CNY4 per kilo," said Shen.
As for non-food categories, spending on catering, accommodation and tourism
fell sharply as the coronavirus outbreak kept people home - taking a toll over
the Lunar New Year celebrations. Fuel costs may also decrease on the two
adjustments of domestic gasoline and diesel prices, which have been reduced by
the government by CNY835 and CNY805 per ton, respectively.
The NBS is set to publish the February CPI data on 0930 local time on March
10, with analysts expecting the y/y rate to drop to 5.2% from January's 5.4%
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