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(MNI) WASHINGTON
--Former Fed Chair Sees A Less Dynamic American Economy
By Evan Ryser
     WASHINGTON (MNI) - Former Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen on Tuesday
called China's coronavirus a significant risk to the global economic outlook
this year.
     "It is a potential influence on the global economy, it seems certain to
have a significant effect, at least for a quarter or two, on Chinese growth,"
Yellen said. "China is such a significant piece of the global economy. That's
bound to have spillovers."
     "We don't know where this is going. To my mind, it is clearly a source of
uncertainty and risk to the global outlook," she said at a panel discussion at
George Washington University in Washington. It is "clearly a significant
concern."
     The epidemic may shave China's Q1 growth by as much as a full percentage
point from last quarter to 5% as knock-on effects in the crucial services
industry are amplified, clouding the outlook for full-year 2020, advisers close
to the government told MNI.
     --CONSUMER STRENGTH
     Asked about her expectations for the U.S. outlook at the Bipartisan Policy
Center event, Yellen said growth is likely to continue at potential or a little
higher at around 2% and consumers which have helped to hold up growth "are in
good shape."
     "I don't see the consumer spending that's carrying this economy based on
very weak foundations. It is based on solid growth and solid growth of income,"
Yellen noted. "I see it as sustainable."
     She expressed hope that the Fed's three rate cuts in the second half of
2019 will lead labor markets to "tighten even further."
     "In many ways, the United States is doing well," she said, adding that the
expansion is not "bubble-driven."
     --LESS DYNAMIC
     Pointing to an aging population and less immigration, Yellen said labor
force growth is "really contributing very little to potential output growth
going forward" and that low trend growth for the economy is "troubling." 
     Slower productivity growth in most developed economies is "depressing," she
added. She projects American productivity to be roughly 1.4%, "a huge concern." 
     Part of that reflects a slowdown in education attainment, sluggish
investments, a surfeit of saving, the demand for safe assets, she said, but most
importantly, the pace of technological change has declined.
     "The American economy seems less dynamic," she said, noting a slower pace
of startups.
--MNI Washington Bureau; +1 202 371 2121; email: evan.ryser@marketnews.com
[TOPICS: MMQPB$,MMUFE$,M$A$$$,M$Q$$$,M$U$$$]
MNI Washington Bureau | +1 202-371-2121 | jean.yung@marketnews.com

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