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     SAPPORO, Japan (MNI) - The Bank of Japan must maintain its aggressive
monetary easing policy stance to achieve stable 2% inflation, which would create
room for lowering real borrowing costs when the economy slumps, BOJ board member
Yukitoshi Funo said Wednesday.
     At the same time, Funo urged the government to implement structural reforms
and firms to provide goods and services that match demographic changes while
financial conditions are kept very accommodative.
     In a speech to business leaders in Sapporo City, northern Japan, Funo
repeated the BOJ's latest outlook that the momentum toward 2% inflation is
maintained and consumer prices will show a higher year-on-year rise toward the
inflation target.
     "But the momentum still lacks strength and we are only half way toward
achieving the price stability target," he said.
     Therefore, it is important to "push ahead" with aggressive easing
comprising super-low interest rates and large-scale asset purchases.
     Funo also repeated the BOJ's outlook that Japan s economy is likely to
continue its moderate expansion.
     He stuck to the official line that near-zero inflation is likely to rise to
2% "around fiscal 2019."
     "Looking ahead, compensation of employees is expected to increase
moderately and surpass the pace of nominal GDP growth in the second half of our
projection period through the end of fiscal 2019," Funo said.
     But he added that BOJ officials are watching the risk that companies will
remain cautious about wage hikes.
     Policymakers point out compensation of employees (wages multiplied by the
number of employees) has been rising along with a modest economic recovery but
it is mainly pushed up by a high pace of increase in lower-paid part-time and
contract workers amid labor shortages in some sectors. The year-on-year growth
in average wages remains low.
     At its latest policy meeting on July 19-20, the BOJ board decided to leave
its monetary policy unchanged in a seven-to-two vote, retaining the yield curve
control target it adopted in September last year, while pushing back its
estimate for achieving its 2% inflation target by a year until "around fiscal
     Since joining the nine-member board in July 2015, Funo has been following
the reflationary policy stance of Governor Haruhiko Kuroda.
     Funo also said the BOJ is targeting "sustainable" price stability, which
should be achieved with the help of efforts by various economic entities to
boost the economy's competitiveness and growth potential.
     "In order to reinforce competitiveness and the rate of growth, structural
reforms that will lead to a rise in productivity is required," he said.
     For their part, companies must adjust the supply of their goods and
services to match the latest trend in demand in light of a decline in the
working population, he said.
     A former Toyota Motor executive, Funo said both the manufacturing and
non-manufacturing sectors need to reduce mismatching or excessive workers,
equipment and inventories.
     To ease the pain of such a change, the government and the private sector
must implement growth strategies that will generate new demand and matching
supply, he added.
     "We have very accommodative financial conditions and a tight labor supply.
Now is a good time to push ahead with structural reforms and growth strategies,"
Funo said.
     The national average core CPI (excluding fresh food but including energy
prices) rose 0.4% on year in June for the sixth straight year-on-year rise.
     But excluding the upward pressure from energy prices, the underlying price
trend has shown a slow improvement. The CPI excluding fresh food and energy (the
core-core CPI) was unchanged on year in June, after being flat in May.
     Funo said that upward pressure on consumer prices is expected to increase
as the positive output gap widens.
     "Medium- to long-term inflation expectations have remained in a weakening
phase but some indicators have showed a rise in such expectations," he said,
repeating the BOJ's latest assessment.
     Firms are expected to become more willing to raise wages and prices as
demand continues to exceed supply in total domestic output while the inflation
outlook among households and businesses is expected to turn more positive as the
BOJ continues to show commitment to achieving 2% inflation through aggressive
easing, he said.
--MNI Tokyo Bureau; tel: +81 90-2175-0040; email:
--MNI Tokyo Bureau; tel: +81 90-4670-5309; email:
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