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The governments of France and Greece have signed a deal in Athens for French firms to provide the Greek armed forces with at least three frigates. The deal comes in the wake of the cancellation of the Franco-Australian submarine deal and the creation of the AUKUS alliance that cause significant opprobrium in Paris.

  • French President Emmanuel Macron has stated his desire for the EU to be able to act with more 'strategic autonomy', separate from the foreign policy aims and intentions of the United States.
  • Greece is one of the few EU and NATO members that spends more than 2% of its GDP on defence, and as such is likely to provide a reliable partner to the French in the region.
  • Providing the Hellenic Navy with three frigates risks a further deterioration in Franco-Turkish relations, already in a notably poor state. Turkey continues to shift further and further away from its NATO partners, and this Franco-Greek deal will do little to reverse this trend.