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MNI ASIA OPEN: Yields Recede Amid Varied Fed Speak, Mixed Data



FED: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia President Patrick Harker said Friday that recent data supports holding interest rates at their current level but but added they will need to stay high for a while.

  • "Absent a stark turn in what I see in the data and hear from contacts, both in one-on-one conversations and in forums like this, I believe that we are at the point where we can hold rates where they are," he said in prepared remarks. "By doing nothing, we are still doing something. And, actually, we are doing quite a lot."
  • "I do subscribe to the new moniker, 'higher for longer.' I didn’t coin it, but my expectation is that rates will need to stay high for a while," he said in remarks for the Delaware State Chamber of Commerce.
  • Harker said a steady disinflation is under way and he expects it to continue with inflation dropping below 3% in 2024 and leveling out at the Fed's 2% target thereafter. While this week's CPI report came out modestly on the upside, "I do not want to overreact to the normal month-to-month variability of prices," he said. For more see MNI Policy main wire at 0900ET.
FED: The U.S. job market has enough momentum for the Federal Reserve to tighten monetary policy a little further even if they take some time “sweating” the potential economic drag from the recent rise in bond yields, former Fed board economist Bill English told MNI.

  • Unemployment remains below 4% and elevated job vacancies suggest could be even tighter than is generally believed, he said in an interview. The September job report released last week showed the economy adding 336,000 jobs, more than triple the pace Fed officials view as consistent with a balanced economy.
  • “The Fed would be happier if the labor market were a little bit less tight,” he said, especially at a time when consensus surveys suggest economic growth picked up to a 3% pace in the third quarter from around 2% earlier this year. The Fed's September dot plot showed officials believe they can tighten a bit more to pull inflation back to target without boosting unemployment much above 4%, which would be an incredible soft landing, said English, who was director of the Fed board's Division of Monetary and Secretary to the Federal Open Market Committee. For more see MNI Policy main wire at 0906ET.


BOC: Bank of Canada Governor Tiff Macklem said Friday he anticipates again discussing options of holding interest rates or raising them ahead of the next decision on Oct. 25 amid evidence of slowing but sticky inflation, adding that a rise in global bond yields can't replace any needed policy action.

  • “We will be resuming that conversation” outlined in the minutes from the last decision, he told reporters on a call from IMF meetings in Morocco.
  • “What I expect it will focus on is do we stay with a policy rate at 5% and let past interest-rate increases work through the economy and relieve price pressures, or is the weight of the evidence of all of those economic indicators when you put them together is it telling us that more action is needed to restore price stability,” he said. For more see MNI Policy main wire at 0925ET.

US TSYS Geopol Risk, Mixed UofM Data Buoy Rates

  • Middle East conflict lent to Friday morning's risk-off/safe haven bid in US rates. Meanwhile, Russia war with Ukraine enters day 597. Dec'23 10Y futures marked an early session high of 108-00 before slipping back to 107-23.5 ((+16) after the bell; curves bull flattening: 2Y10Y -5.299 at -42.896.
  • Tsys pare gains briefly, rebound slightly after University of Michigan data comes out mixed: Sentiment lower (63.0 vs. 67.0 est, 68.1 prior), Current Conditions (66.7 vs. 70.3 est, 71.4 prior), Expectations (60.7 vs. 65.7 est, 66.0 prior). Inflation expectations higher 1 Yr Inflation (3.8% vs. 3.2% est, 3.2% prior), 5-10Y (3.0% vs. 2.8% est, 2.8% prior).
  • "After stabilizing earlier this year, concerns about inflation have grown again. These concerns underpin the sharp 15% deterioration in consumers’ assessments of their personal finances in this month. About 49% of consumers reported that high prices are eroding their living standards, up substantially from 39% last month and matching the all-time high last recorded in July 2022. Consumers pointed specifically to prices of food and groceries (highest share in over a year) as well as gas and fuel (highest in 2023)."
  • Projected rate hikes into early 2024 consolidating: November holding at 7.8%, w/ implied rate change of +1.9bp to 5.348%, December cumulative of 8.3bp (10.6bp late Thu) at 5.412%, January 2024 cumulative 8.1bp (10.6bp late Thu) at 5.410%. Fed terminal at 5.438% in Jan'24. Fed terminal at 5.41% in Jan'24-Feb'24.
  • Focus on Monday Data Calendar: Empire Mfg, Fed Speak, Tsy Bill Sales. Q4 equity earnings resume with Charles Schwab Monday; Bank of NY Mellon, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs on Tuesday.



Preliminary University of Michigan consumer sentiment survey for October showed a sharp uptick in near-term inflation expectations alongside a deterioration in confidence and expectations.

  • 12-month ahead inflation expectations hit a 5-month high 3.8% (up from 3.2% prior, vs 3.2% expected), while 5-10 year expectations rose to 3.0% (from 2.8% prior, and equal to Jun-Aug levels).
  • Consumer sentiment fell to 63.0 (from 68.1 prior and 67.0 expected), with current conditions down 4.7pp to 66.7 (vs 70.3 expected) and expectations off 5.3pp to 60.7 (vs 65.7 expected). All of those were 5-month lows.
  • Per the U-of-Michigan release, the rise in inflation expectations and the drop in sentiment are unsurprisingly linked:
  • "After stabilizing earlier this year, concerns about inflation have grown again. These concerns underpin the sharp 15% deterioration in consumers’ assessments of their personal finances in this month. About 49% of consumers reported that high prices are eroding their living standards, up substantially from 39% last month and matching the all-time high last recorded in July 2022. Consumers pointed specifically to prices of food and groceries (highest share in over a year) as well as gas and fuel (highest in 2023)."
  • The limited rise in longer-term expectations means this report will probably have little impact on the Fed's view of the public's inflation expectations more broadly, with the 1Y jump arguably attributable to short-term gas price fluctuations among other factors noted above. That said, the FOMC will be mindful of the apparent stalling out of progress in inflation expectations, and of any further upticks, as it assesses whether overall expectations remain well-anchored enough to bring the tightening cycle to an end.


  • Key late session market levels:
  • DJIA up 39.97 points (0.12%) at 33669.36
  • S&P E-Mini Future down 22.25 points (-0.51%) at 4358.25
  • Nasdaq down 157.6 points (-1.2%) at 13416.53
  • US 10-Yr yield is down 7 bps at 4.6269%
  • US Dec 10-Yr futures are up 15.5/32 at 107-23
  • EURUSD down 0.0017 (-0.16%) at 1.0511
  • USDJPY down 0.3 (-0.2%) at 149.51
  • WTI Crude Oil (front-month) up $4.56 (5.5%) at $87.47
  • Gold is up $59.25 (3.17%) at $1928.10
  • European bourses closing levels:
  • EuroStoxx 50 down 62.11 points (-1.48%) at 4136.12
  • FTSE 100 down 45.18 points (-0.59%) at 7599.6
  • German DAX down 238.37 points (-1.55%) at 15186.66
  • French CAC 40 down 101 points (-1.42%) at 7003.53


  • 3M10Y -5.71, -88.092 (L: -92.427 / H: -82.798)
  • 2Y10Y -5.31, -42.907 (L: -43.935 / H: -37.142)
  • 2Y30Y -6.058, -27.921 (L: -29.943 / H: -20.514)
  • 5Y30Y -2.931, 13.083 (L: 11.162 / H: 17.496)
  • Current futures levels:
  • Dec 2-Yr futures up 1/32 at 101-10.625 (L: 101-09.375 / H: 101-13)
  • Dec 5-Yr futures up 7/32 at 105-5.5 (L: 104-30.75 / H: 105-12)
  • Dec 10-Yr futures up 15.5/32 at 107-23 (L: 107-09 / H: 108-00)
  • Dec 30-Yr futures up 1-10/32 at 112-25 (L: 111-20 / H: 113-14)
  • Dec Ultra futures up 1-24/32 at 117-7 (L: 115-23 / H: 118-01)

US 10Y FUTURE TECHS: (Z3) Bounce Fades as CPI Boosts Yields

  • RES 4: 109-12+ 50-day EMA
  • RES 3: 108-26+ High Sep 22
  • RES 2: 108-14+ High Sep 29
  • RES 1: 108-11 High Oct 11
  • PRICE: 107-23 @ 16:33 BST Oct 13
  • SUP 1: 106-14 2.0% Lower Bollinger Band
  • SUP 2: 106-03+/00 Low Sep 4 / Round number support
  • SUP 3: 105-11 2.0% 10-dma envelope
  • SUP 4: 104-26 2.00 proj of the Jul 18 - Aug 4 - Aug 10 price swing

Markets traded firmer through the 20-day EMA Wednesday, further building momentum and signalling a possible base at the early October lows. The near-term strength stalled on Thursday, however, with prices under pressure as CPI topped estimates. For bears to regain control, weakness through 106-12 would signal a fade in the short-term momentum, and open further losses. The near-term upside opens for further gains toward late September levels at 108-14+, the Sep29 high. With last week’s lows yet to be re-tested, a further stabilisation in prices could signal a near-term reversal higher.


  • Dec 23 +0.015 at 94.560
  • Mar 24 +0.020 at 94.670
  • Jun 24 +0.020 at 94.870
  • Sep 24 +0.010 at 95.115
  • Red Pack (Dec 24-Sep 25) steady to +0.035
  • Green Pack (Dec 25-Sep 26) +0.045 to +0.075
  • Blue Pack (Dec 26-Sep 27) +0.085 to +0.095
  • Gold Pack (Dec 27-Sep 28) +0.105 to +0.110


SOFR Benchmark Settlements:

  • 1M +0.00083 to 5.33533 (-0.00574/wk)
  • 3M +0.00896 to 5.40283 (-0.00391/wk)
  • 6M +0.02414 to 5.46408 (+0.00962/wk)
  • 12M +0.04785 to 5.41705 (+0.02049/wk)
STIR: FRBNY EFFR for prior session:
  • Daily Effective Fed Funds Rate: 5.33% volume: $103B
  • Daily Overnight Bank Funding Rate: 5.32% volume: $255B
US TSYS: Repo Reference Rates
  • Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR): 5.31%, $1.467T
  • Broad General Collateral Rate (BGCR): 5.30%, $579B
  • Tri-Party General Collateral Rate (TGCR): 5.30%, $568B
  • (rate, volume levels reflect prior session)


NY Federal Reserve/MNI

Repo operation usage extends to new lowest since mid-September 2021 at $1,157.319B w/98 counterparties vs. $1,151.818B in the prior session. The high for 2023 stands at $2,375.171B on Friday March 31, 2023; all-time record high of $2,553.716B reached December 30, 2022.

PIPELINE: No New Corporate Issuance Friday

  • Date $MM Issuer (Priced *, Launch #)
  • 10/13 $Benchmark KDB 3Y, 3Y SOFR, 5Y, 10Y
  • $500M Priced Thursday, $21.75B total for the week
  • 10/12 $500M *Shinhan Formosa 5Y SOFR+108

EGBs-GILTS CASH CLOSE: Safe Haven Bid Into The Weekend

Friday's trade saw a strong safe haven bid develop going into the weekend, with geopolitical risk boosting core European FI.

  • Bunds and Gilts climbed for most of the session before fading toward the cash close.
  • At their strongest intraday point, bonds regained the ground lost Thursday after the strong US inflation report - as the dollar gained and equities fell in anticipation of potential risk-off weekend developments in the Middle East.
  • The German curve bull flattened with the UK's twist flattening.
  • In line with the safe-haven bid, periphery spreads widened for most of the session, with 10Y BTP widening past the 200bp mark once more to close on the wides (204bp). ECB's Visco and Simkus played down fragmentation risks and the need for ECB intervention over spreads.
  • The UK takes centre-stage next week with labour market data out Tuesday and CPI on Wednesday.
  • Potential ratings actions after Friday's close include Moody's on the EU and DBRS on Malta.

Closing Yields / 10-Yr Periphery EGB Spreads To Germany

  • Germany: The 2-Yr yield is down 2.2bps at 3.139%, 5-Yr is down 3.7bps at 2.679%, 10-Yr is down 4.9bps at 2.737%, and 30-Yr is down 4.2bps at 2.933%.
  • UK: The 2-Yr yield is down 0.4bps at 4.846%, 5-Yr is down 1.1bps at 4.46%, 10-Yr is down 3.7bps at 4.386%, and 30-Yr is down 3.5bps at 4.829%.
  • Italian BTP spread up 6.2bps at 203.9bps / Greek up 5.8bps at 156.3bps

FOREX USD Index Ends Week On Firm Footing Amid US Inflation Worries/Risk Off

  • US PPI, CPI and the University of Michigan inflation expectations data beat expectations this week. One of these in isolation could have been brushed off by the Fed, but all three happening on three consecutive days could be too much to ignore. This has underpinned a strong greenback recovery and the USD index looks set to close the week around 0.65% higher.
  • Furthermore, equities slipped to their worst levels of the session amid headlines from Politico stating that an Israeli ground invasion of Gaza is imminent. Additional newswires then confirmed Israeli military a number of a small raids have been conducted by their personnel inside the Gaza Strip. The first time that it has confirmed forces are on the ground.
  • The real haven flow on Friday has seen the Swiss Franc outperform all others in G10. EURCHF trades down 1% on the session and the move has been exacerbated by the break below the year’s lows at 0.9516, triggering an extension to lows of 0.9457 as of typing. The next notable downside target resides at 0.9410, the September 2022 lows.
  • GBPUSD also trades with a downward bias, continuing to grind lower throughout the US session with US PPI, CPI and the University of Michigan inflation expectations data all beating expectations this week and underpinning the greenback recovery. For now, last week’s fresh cycle lows remain in view, which has reinforced bearish conditions over the medium-term. 1.2028, the Mar 16 low will be the key downside target and any short-term gains are considered corrective.


16/10/20230800/1000**ITItaly Final HICP
16/10/20230830/0930UKBOE's Pill Speech at the OMFIF BOE's Pill Speech at the OMFIF
16/10/20230900/1100*EUTrade Balance
16/10/20231230/0830**CAMonthly Survey of Manufacturing
16/10/20231230/0830**CAWholesale Trade
16/10/20231230/0830**USEmpire State Manufacturing Survey
16/10/20231430/1030**CABOC Business Outlook Survey
16/10/20231430/1030USPhiladelphia Fed's Pat Harker
16/10/20231530/1130*USUS Treasury Auction Result for 13 Week Bill
16/10/20231530/1130*USUS Treasury Auction Result for 26 Week Bill
16/10/20232030/1630USPhiladelphia Fed's Pat Harker

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